top of page

Native Plants of the Gainesville Ridges

The rich communities of native plants in the Hall County region highlight Georgia’s ranking as fourth

in the United States for native plants per square mile and rare-threatened endangered species.

Evergreen and deciduous trees and shrubs of winter, ephemeral wildflowers of spring, summer meadowlands of summer, and brilliantly colored leaves and flowers promise beauty and interest

for all seasons.

The urban forest of oak-hickory-pine, prairie, wetland ecosystems of Linwood Nature Preserve harbors

a plethora native plant species that were pushed into the Gainesville Ridges of the Chattahoochee River over two million years ago.

 Northern invaders from four upper zones of the Appalachia, Ridges and Valleys, Blue Ridge and Upper Piedmont had the DNA to adapt and thrive in the soil, hydrology, climate and terrain and are found growing in nature no further south than the Hall County border. 

White Pine

Pinus strobes

Mountain Laurel

Kalmia latifolia


Galax urceolata

Colonial botanists’ discoveries - Early 19th Century naturalists scoured Colonial forests for plants to fill the royal gardens of Europe with native plants that thrive today in the Linwood Nature Preserve--William Bartram, Mark Catesby, Andre Michaux, John James Audubon.

Catesby’s Trillium Trillium catesbaei

Painted Buckeye Aesculus sylvatica

Carolina Lily  Lililum michauxii

Vulnerable Species fall victim to clearcutting when the top layer of humus and fungi is scooped up from the forest floor with the fungi they need for survival over hundreds of years.

American Beech

Fagus grandifolia

Running Ground Pine Lycopodium clavatum

Cranefly Orchid  Tipularia discolor

Rare-Threatened-Endangered species can be found in protected pockets of the forest with careful and frequent observation, especially during their season.

Lady’s Slipper Orchid Cypripedium arietinum

Georgia Aster Symphyotrichum georgianum

Royal Catchfly

Silene regia

bottom of page